The PODS Relational Data Model


The PODS Relational Pipeline Data Model is available for implementation on either the Oracle and SQL Server relational database management system platforms.  DDL scripts which automatically build the PODS Pipeline Data Model schema on these two common platforms are provided in each PODS release.


      Oracle         SQL Server  
11g 2008
10g 2005


Implementing PODS as a relational model offers GIS neutrality.  The relational database may be spatialized with any available GIS software platforms including ESRI, Smallworld, Intergraph, Bentley, and others.


PODS has been implemented as a relational database for many years by large pipeline companies.  Relational database management systems have historically been the dominant data architecture for large-scale implementations.  


Applications and users interface with the PODS relational database through Structured Query Language (SQL).  The PODS Data Model is normalized to avoid undesirable dependencies, to allow for new columns and sub-models to be added without requiring restructuring, to be neutral to query statistics, and to organize data into logical groupings.  Indexing and keys are utilized to optimize query performance.  



The consistency of a relational database is enforced, not by rules built into the applications that use it, but rather by constraints, declared as part of the logical schema and enforced by the relational database management systems for all applications.  



Review key concepts of relational database design

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